Aquatic Medicine

14 Resources on Aquatic Medicine

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Dolphins, Sharks, and Other Patients: Primary Health Care in A Large Public Aquarium

The South African Association for Marine Biological Research and the City of Durban, South Africa, recognized the need to develop a tourist attraction in Durban that would entice visitors into the city from both within South Africa and abroad. At a total cost of R735 million (US $110 million), the uShaka Marine World theme park was completed in just two years and created employment for 3500 people during the construction phase, and 1000 new jobs when operational. Visiting Sea World is an...

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Immobilizing Marine Fish for Transport Or Surgery – From Angelfish To Tiger Sharks, Whether Individuals Or Multi-species Groups

Sea World is a large public aquarium in the uShaka Marine World marine theme park in Durban, South Africa, operated by the South African Association for Marine Biological Research. Holding 22 million liters of salt water, Sea World provides an immersion experience, where visitors meander through a series of simulated sunken ships ostensibly lying on the bottom of the ocean, from which they view the marine life of the Western Indian Ocean. In order to stock the aquarium before opening to the...

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Anesthesia, Analgesia and Euthanasia of Fish

Anesthesia facilitates examination, transport, and obtaining diagnostic samples; it is required for surgery; and, when necessary, can be overdosed for euthanasia. Reviews of fish anesthesia are listed in the references.6,10,11 Physical and chemical parameters of the anesthesia water should closely match those of the aquarium or pond water of the fish to be anesthetized. Because anesthetic agents tend to cause respiratory depression, adequate aeration is mandatory. Since some anesthetic agents...

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Setting Up A World Class Public Aquarium

The South African Association for Marine Biological Research and the City of Durban, South Africa, recognized the need to develop a tourist attraction in Durban that would entice visitors into the city from both within South Africa and abroad. At a total cost of R735 million (US $110 million), the uShaka Marine World theme park was completed in just two years and created employment for 3500 people during the construction phase, and 1000 new jobs when operational. Visiting Sea World is an...

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Therapeutics for Fish

Resort to therapeutics often represents a failure of preventive medicine, including optimal water quality, sound nutrition, and quarantine. There will, however, be breaks in even the best preventive medicine program. This presentation picks up from the point where a diagnosis has been made, and a treatment plan must be implemented. Formularies with specific drug dosages used in fish medicine are provided by sources listed in the references.2,5,6,9-11 Considerations regarding choice of...

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Fish Get Tumors? Trolling for Answers

Neoplastic diseases occur with some frequency in fish, both in wild populations and captive animals. However, published information regarding prognosis and therapy of specific neoplasms in the pet fish population is limited. With the increasing use of veterinarians by the fish owning public to provide a disease diagnosis and therapy options, the pool of information should improve. This review will cover some basic tumor information and will reference the few reports of neoplastic diseases in...

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Why You Should Wear Gloves When Working With Fish: A Horror Story

There are numerous hazards when working with an aquarium and the aquarium inhabitants. These include infections that occur with exposure to the aquatic environment, trauma from the inhabitants, and hazards from the actual equipment. HAZARDS FROM INFECTIOUS DISEASES The aquatic environment is filled with numerous bacteria, many of which have never been encountered or described. The infection rates in people associated with wounds exposed to aquatic environments is much higher than...

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Keratopathy in Moray Eels

Six green moray (Gymnothorax funebris), three spotted moray (G moringa) and two reticulate moray (Muraena retifera) eels maintained in captivity for variable periods of time received complete ophthalmic exams under MS-222 anesthesia, measurement of serum triglyceride and cholesterol concentrations, and dietary evaluation as part of routine physical assessment. Seven of eleven eels (63%) were diagnosed with lipid keratopathy due to the presence of crystalline opacification of the cornea and...

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