2013 NAVC Proceedings

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Managing Pain in Laminitis

MANAGING PAIN IN LAMINITIS Acute laminitic pain can be extremely difficult and frustrating to treat. Nonsteroidal ant9i-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are not always potent enough to control pain. A multimodal therapy is often necessary for successful treatment. CASE EXAMPLE History A 5-year-old Quarter Horse stallion presented for acute onset lethargy, fever (>105°F), and reluctance to move. He had recently been moved to a new pasture within sight of several mares. He was...

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Regional Considerations in Wound Treatment

REGIONAL CONSIDERATIONS IN WOUND TREATMENT Different regions of the horse have different considerations for involvement of vital structures, treatment options, cosmesis, and loss of function. The following discussion is intended to serve a reference of the key factors when treating wounds in different locations. Head – Key anatomic structures include the brain, eye (cornea, lacrimal duct, lids), ears, nasal passages, sinuses, vessels, nerves, salivary glands, parotid duct, and...

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Equine Cornea: IMMK Vs. Stromal Abscess

EQUINE CORNEA – IMMK VS. STROMAL ABSCESS Non-ulcerative keratitis may include several clinical diseases including immune-mediated keratitis (IMMK), corneal stromal abscess, superficial punctate keratitis, corneal degeneration, and some manifestations of corneal neoplasia. Prior to treatment of any one case of non-ulcerative keratitis with antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, or immunosuppressive medication, careful consideration of the inciting cause must be made. The most common cause...

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Modern Imaging Techniques in Reptiles (CT/MRI)

Radiography is the most commonly used imaging technique in reptiles. Ultrasonography is also very helpful and has become established in reptile practice over the last years. The newer imaging methods CT and MRI are being increasingly utilized for diagnostic imaging evaluation procedures for reptile patients on the one hand due to increased availabilities, on the other hand because many disease processes cannot be diagnosed using radiography and ultrasonography alone, and the additional...

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The Story of A High-risk Puppy and the Behavior Modification That Saved His Life

article45 BACKGROUND Macintosh was rescued from poor living conditions at the age of 6 weeks. He is a black and tan hound mix. He came from a very large litter in which the bitch did not receive adequate medical care or nutrition. It was not a planned litter. Mac was under weight and potbellied but otherwise healthy. He was dewormed and vaccinated at the Purdue School of Veterinary Medicine. Mac began demonstrating fear and anxiety issues almost immediately. COMMON PUPPY PROBLEMS...

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"My Dog is Stubborn"

article44 Pet owners are sometimes convinced their dog KNOWS what it is they want them to do but their pet is simply “too stubborn” to perform the behavior. Unknowing pet owners may attempt to force a dog into a body position and when the dog struggles against the pressure out of confusion or even fear, it may be deemed “stubborn.” By making such a statement the pet owner is assuming the dog 1) understands what behavior is desired and 2) understands when to do the behavior. In...

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Swine Influenza Virus: How the Virus Moves in Populations

SWINE INFLUENZA VIRUS: HOW THE VIRUS MOVES IN POPULATIONS Considerable attention has been placed on influenza viruses in pig populations over the past few years; however; it must be noted that influenza viruses have been known to infect pigs for nearly a century in the United States. Influenza viruses cause respiratory disease in pigs which results in the typical clinical signs of coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge, lethargy, fever, and anorexia. Not only do influenza viruses...

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Vaccines for Foreign Diseases of Cattle and Swine

VACCINES FOR FOREIGN DISEASES OF CATTLE AND SWINE NATIONAL VETERINARY STOCKPILE The National Veterinary Stockpile (NVS) is a national repository of critical veterinary supplies, equipment, and services to be deployed within 24 hours. It is to contain “sufficient amounts of animal vaccine, antiviral, or therapeutic products to appropriately respond to the most damaging animal diseases affecting human health and the economy” (Table 1). The NVS was mandated by Homeland Security...

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Swine Influenza Virus: How Do We Control It in Populations?

SWINE INFLUENZA VIRUS: HOW DO WE CONTROL IT IN POPULATIONS? Influenza viruses are enveloped, segmented, RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae that cause respiratory disease in swine and many other species. While these characteristics are often described for infectious agents, they are often overlooked. However, these features of influenza virus are very important when assessing its epidemiology and control. First of all, influenza viruses differ greatly when compared with other...

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International Efforts to Improve the Health, Well-being, and Welfare of All Dogs: Where Do You Fit In?

Various initiatives are underway throughout the world to clarify issues influencing dog health, well-being, and welfare and to promote international collaboration. What are major concerns, challenges and positive developments, and how do animal health professionals identify and fulfill their role as stewards for our canine friends and their human companions? BACKGROUNDSince the airing of the television documentary “Pedigreed Dogs Exposed” in 2008 (wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedigree Dogs Exposed)...

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