2015 NAVC Proceedings

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Parasite Control From The SE Perspective

Proceedings Of The NAVC Conference Volume 29 The previous session discussed the many aspects that affect gastrointestinal nematode infections in small ruminants. The southeastern United States has environmental conditions that are very hospitable for Haemonchus contortus for the majority of the year. Weather conditions with ambient temperatures >50° and <95° F and high humidity are ideal for the survival of the free living phase of nematodes. Environmental contamination...

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Rehabilitation of Equine Soft Tissue Injuries

Proceedings Of The NAVC Conference Volume 29 Treatment of all acute soft tissue injuries includes: cessation of exercise, cold therapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and support bandaging when needed. An accurate diagnosis with measurement of tendon/ligament and lesion cross-sectional area is imperative. COLD THERAPY Cold therapy should be initiated immediately following injury and continued for 7 to 14 days. Therapy may be conducted with cold packs in a neoprene...

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Current Treatments for Equine Heart Disease

Proceedings Of The NAVC Conference Volume 29 With rare exceptions, management of equine heart disease utilizes medications rather than surgery. Drugs are chosen based upon their availability and cost, even if pharmacokinetic and/ or pharmacodynamic information is lacking. Regardless, treatment is aimed at returning pathophysiology back toward normal physiology. The components of cardiac physiology include preload (blood volume), afterload (blood pressure), contractility, rate/ rhythm...

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A Combined Approach to Upper Airway Evaluation

Proceedings Of The NAVC Conference Volume 29 Diseases of the equine upper airway are numerous and can result in significant morbidity, exercise intolerance, and loss of performance. Due to the complexity of the equine upper airway, there is no straightforward diagnosis in disease of the paranasal sinuses, larynx, and/or pharynx or soft palate. Even if a diagnosis can be easily reached such as sinusitis, laryngeal hemiplegia, and pharyngitis, these diseases are often secondary to...

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Integrative Neurology: Disorders of the Head and Neck

chapter-005 This session is divided into two parts, one given by Dr. Christine Zink and one by Dr. Steve Marsden. Dr. Marsden’s portion focuses on epilepsy and canine idiopathic vestibular syndrome. Both conditions arise from too much Yang energy in the head, achieved through different pathways. Dr. Zink’s article can be ofuns later in this section of this proceedings. YIN, YANG AND INTRACRANIAL NEURAL DISEASE Most acute perturbations of intracranial neural function...

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Management Recommendations Resulting From FAD Alpaca Investigation

Proceedings Of The NAVC Conference Volume 29 A South Carolina alpaca farm had lost 21 animals over 10 months (January to October), as described in the previous article in this proceedings. One submitted case had severe ulcers and erosions on the lips, gingiva, and tongue. A Foreign Animal Disease (FAD) investigation was requested. After numerous serology and histology evaluation, with one toxicology and trace mineral analysis, no definitive cause for the oral ulcers and death could...

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How to do a Great Field Necropsy and What You Need to do One

Proceedings Of The NAVC Conference Volume 29 A necropsy frequently answers many questions that the livestock owner and veterinarian have concerning an animal’s illness and/or death. An important point is the knowledge gained to provide insight into preventive measures or future treatments of animals with similar conditions. Not only is important information gained from gross examination of the organs but during necropsy, tissue and fluid samples for supportive tests are collected for...

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Management of Orphan Puppies and Kittens

Proceedings of the NAVC Conference Puppies and kittens may be orphaned for a number of reasons. The mother may have died or may simply reject the newborn. Death can be from any number of reasons both related and unrelated to the delivery of the litter. When the mother rejects a neonate it can also be for a variety of reasons including an abnormality with the neonate (such as hypothermia), mastitis, or too large a litter for the mother to care for. When puppies and kittens are...

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C-section: Neonatal Considerations and Congenital Defects

Proceedings of the NAVC Conference NORMAL PARTURITION Normal parturition consists of three stages. During stage I, the dam/queen will experience a drop in body temperature along with an array of other behavioral signs including vocalizing, licking, panting, or being quieter than normal. Weak contractions begin to occur but will not be visible to the human eye. Stage II is characterized by the fetus moving into the pelvic canal and delivery of the fetus. Contractions increase in...

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Diagnostic Radiology

Proceedings of the NAVC Conference The standard of care for veterinary dental patients is changing and has changed dramatically over the last several years. Gone are the days when we just removed the calculus that we could see because that was the problem. Gone are the days when we removed teeth only because they were loose. Remember that over half a tooth’s structures are below the gumline and these are the structures that nourish and support the tooth along with the gingiva. It has...

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