2016 NAVC Proceedings

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Bactrian and Dromedary Camel Medicine Made Easy

Proceedings Of The NAVC Conference Volume 29 OVERVIEW Until recently, dromedary and bactrian camels (one and two humped camels, respectively) were seldom found outside of zoological institutions in the United States. These days, they are increasingly found in private ownership. They can also be found giving rides at fairs and performing in living Nativity scenes during the holidays. Although closely related to llamas and alpacas, their South American cousins, “Old World Camels”...

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Emergency Planning for Small Ruminant Clients

Proceedings Of The NAVC Conference Volume 29 The need for disaster planning and preparedness could easily be a third universal truth after death and taxes for small ruminant producers and owners. Whether it’s hurricanes in the Gulf and Atlantic states, wildfires and earthquakes in the West, flooding along the Mississippi Basin, drought conditions in the Southwest, tornado activity in the flyover states, or blizzards in the northern plains, each region of the country is subject to a...

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Adding Exotic Pet Medicine To Your Practice: Fun, Facts and Profits

chapter-500 Increasing revenue and profitable growth has been difficult for many veterinary practices over the past 3 to 5 years. This at a time when the popularity and ownership of exotic animal species continue to grow, yet many veterinarians have been slow to capitalize on this important segment of the market. Many veterinarians question whether there are enough exotic patients/ revenue to make entry into this area of clinical practice profitable, but with a good plan not only...

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BVDV in the Bulk Tank — Now What?

Proceedings Of The NAVC Conference Volume 29 The average number of cows per dairy farm in the United States continues to increase. Growth on dairies may be through either internal (retaining more replacement heifers and limiting culling) or external (purchasing cattle from outside sources) expansion. According to the National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS) dairy survey in 2007, nearly 40% of all operations brought outside cattle onto the operation in the previous year. The...

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Development and Validation of an On-farm Scoring System for Bovine Respiratory Disease in Dairy Calves

Proceedings Of The NAVC Conference Volume 29 Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is a major source of economic loss for the US cattle industry.1-3 With over a million deaths annually, respiratory disease is the most important endemic disease of US cattle.4 In dairy heifers BRD is responsible for 22% of all pre-weaning deaths, and is the most common cause of post-weaning death.5 In beef cattle, BRD is the most common cause of mortality or loss (31%) in calves over 3 weeks old.6 Precise...

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Risk Assessment Approach for Control and Prevention of Bovine Respiratory Disease in Dairy Calves

Proceedings Of The NAVC Conference Volume 29 With over a million deaths annually, bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is the most important endemic disease of US and a major source of economic losses. 1-4 In dairy heifers BRD is responsible for 22% of all pre weaning deaths, and is the most common cause of post-weaning death.5 In beef cattle, BRD is the most common cause of mortality or loss (31%) in calves over 3 weeks old.6 Precise costs due to BRD in dairy heifers are difficult to...

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Heartworm in Nontraditional Species

chapter-475 In 1887 in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, a young boy made history by obtaining the dubious distinction of becoming the first documented case report of heartworm disease in a human being.1,2 It is unclear what happened to the youngster exactly and the cause of his demise as the records have since been lost to history ostensibly in a house fire, as the story goes, therefore the paucity of documentation has resulted in several versions of the case report, and conflicting details...

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Swine Emergency Response Case Study

Proceedings Of The NAVC Conference Volume 29 SITUATION On June 8, 2015, on US Route 35 in Xenia, Ohio, a semi-truck and trailer carrying a load of 2,200 feeder pigs wrecked on a sharp turn on the highway. The truck rolled to the right, allowing for around 1,100 pigs to escape into the nearby woods and onto the highway. There were initial estimates of about 1,100 dead as a result of the accident. This accident made national news. The highway was closed for about 8 hours while...

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Management of Backyard Chickens

chapter-473 Over approximately the past 10 years, the keeping of chickens as pets in backyard settings has dramatically increased in popularity, both in urban and suburban settings. This so called "urban hen movement" harks back to the days when chicken keeping was much more common. Those who choose to keep chickens commonly cite that the birds are relatively easy and inexpensive to maintain (when compared with most other pets); they produce eggs that are fresh, flavorful, and...

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Fracture Treatment: the 10 Commandments of Success & Prosperity

Proceedings Of The NAVC Conference Volume 29 Successful treatment of a fracture is one of the most rewarding outcomes a veterinarian can experience in small animal practice. Typically the patient presents with intense pain, often with severe angulation and complete dysfunction of the limb. Successful treatment is indicated by complete restoration of normal limb function, angulation, and patient comfort. Unfortunately, there is often a fine line between success and failure in...

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