31 Resources on Urology

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Perioperative Cefovecin to Reduce the Incidence of Urinary Tract Infection in Dogs Undergoing Hemilaminectomy (Retrospective Study)

AbstractThe prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in dogs with Type I intervertebral disc extrusion has been reported as high as 38% within 6 wk of surgery. Proper treatment of a UTI is important with myelopathy because it is a risk factor for persistent infection and reinfection in dogs. The study authors' investigated the incidence of UTIs in dogs having received either cefovecin or cefazolin as a preoperative prophylactic antibiotic for thoracolumbar hemilaminectomy. Thirty-nine...

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Azotemia and Proteinuria in Dogs Infected with Babesia gibsoni (Retrospective Studies)

AbstractBabesiosis is a hemoprotozoal tick-borne disease that is commonly associated with thrombocytopenia and anemia; however, renal involvement has been documented in dogs. The purpose of this retrospective study was to document azotemia and proteinuria in dogs infected with Babesia sp. and to describe the response to antiprotozoal therapy. The electronic database of the North Carolina State University Vector Borne Disease Laboratory was searched to identify dogs who were...

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Ultrasound Evaluation of the Urinary Bladder in Dogs Following Cystotomy with Full Thickness Suture Placement (Original Study)

AbstractThe purpose of the study reported here is to determine the long-term effect of full thickness suture placement in the urinary bladder following cystotomy as it relates to urinary bladder mucosal changes identified ultrasonographically at the suture placement site. A retrospective search for dogs that had undergone a cystotomy from 6 to 24 mo prior to the study was performed, yielding 31 dogs included in the study. All dogs had the cystotomy closed using full thickness sutures. These...

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Excellence in Exotics: Practice Tip: Ferret Urinary Tract Catheterization

In ferrets, urinary tract catheterization is most often indicated for neutered males with a urethral obstruction. Obstructions are commonly caused by prostatic enlargement secondary to adrenal tumor hormone production or, less commonly, by urolithiasis. A ferret with a urethral obstruction needs immediate intervention to relieve the obstruction: The ferret must be anesthetized for passage of a urinary catheter. Isoflurane or sevoflurane administered via anesthetic mask is the...

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Encrusted Cystitis with Suspected Ureteral Obstruction Following Cystoscopic-Guided Laser Ablation of Ectopic Ureters in a Dog (Case Reports)

AbstractA 1 yr old 30 kg spayed female Labrador retriever presented for stranguria and hematuria 3 wk after cystoscopic laser ablation for ectopic ureters. Encrusted cystitis was diagnosed based on ultrasonography, cystoscopy, urinalysis, and culture of Corynebacterium urealyticum from the urine. Unilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureter were suspected to be secondary to obstruction at the trigone. The dog was treated with focal debridement of plaques at the left ureter, urinary...

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Keepin' It Renal

Though kidney disease is common in cats and a leading cause of death, feline renal transplantation remains an unusual treatment; at time of writing, only three veterinarians are currently performing the procedure in the United States. But for the right candidate, a kidney transplant can be a viable option for adding quality years to a cat’s life. Download the PDF of Keepin' It Renal

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Urinary Incontinence in Juvenile Female Soft-Coated Wheaten Terriers: Hospital Prevalence and Anatomic Urogenital Anomalies (Retrospective Study)

AbstractUrinary incontinence in juvenile female dogs is often associated with urogenital anatomic anomalies. Study objectives include: (1) determine hospital prevalence of urinary incontinence in juvenile female soft-coated wheaten terriers (SCWTs) compared to other affected dogs; (2) characterize anatomic anomalies affecting urinary incontinent juvenile female SCWTs utilizing uroendoscopy; and (3) compare incidence of ectopic ureters, paramesonephric remnants, and short urethras in juvenile...

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Urethral Sphincter Mechanism Incompetence in Dogs: An Update (Review Articles)

AbstractUrethral sphincter mechanism incompetence (USMI) is the most common cause of acquired urinary incontinence in dogs. The pathogenesis of USMI is multifactorial and complex. Studies have shown variable results regarding the effects and timing of sterilization on the incidence of USMI. Diagnosis of USMI is often based on history, physical examination, and elimination of other differentials. Treatment options for USMI include medications, such as α-adrenergic agents and estrogen products,...

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Diphallia in a Mixed-Breed Puppy: Case Report (Case Reports)

AbstractAn 8 mo old intact male mixed-breed dog presented for diphallia with paraphimosis of the nonfunctional, accessory penis. Bloodwork, an abdominal ultrasound, and a positive contrast retrograde urethrogram were performed and revealed no other structural abnormalities. Surgical excision of the accessory penis was elected. This is one of three reported cases of diphallia in the dog in the English literature, but this is the only case in which no other congenital abnormalities were...

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Rotational and Axial Pattern Flaps in a Cat for Wound Reconstruction Secondary to Urethral Rupture (Case Report)

AbstractA 3 yr old intact male domestic shorthair cat was presented with urine extravasation from urethral rupture. Extensive skin necrosis developed in the perineal region and left hind limb that necessitated delayed primary wound closure with a caudal superficial epigastric axial pattern flap, scrotal and preputial rotational skin flaps, and perineal urethrostomy. Download the PDF of Rotational and Axial Pattern Flaps in a Cat for Wound Reconstruction Secondary to Urethral Rupture

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