Wildlife & Conservation

42 Resources on Wildlife & Conservation

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Caring for the Wild Child – Juvenile Mammalian Wildlife Medicine

A review of neonatal mammalian wildlife medicine and rehabilitation. The more commonly encountered problems in raising wild orphaned mammals (such as squirrels, bunnies, and oppossums), will be discussed including assisted alimentation, nutrition, enrichment, renesting, and disease diagnosis, prevention, and treatment.Please note:If you were an attendee at this VMX 2018 Conference and received a general CE certificate, please be sure to check with your state licensing bureau regarding your...

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A Bird in the Hand – Caring for Your Smallest Patients

Handling very small avian patients takes patience and gentle care. Common presentations will be discussed along with tips on how to perform basic diagnostic examinations and procedures. Noteworthy natural history and husbandry of some of our smallest patients will be mentioned.Please note:If you were an attendee at this VMX 2018 Conference and received a general CE certificate, please be sure to check with your state licensing bureau regarding your eligibility to receive online...

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Go Wild: Opportunities abound to get involved with wildlife rehabilitation

There are a number of ways that a veterinarian can get involved with wildlife rehabilitation; this article provides information for veterinarians who may be interested in helping out. It provides a snapshot of what wildlife rehabilitators do, and how that differs from the role of a veterinarian. It also profiles three successful rehabilitation facilities and describes how they interact with veterinarians. Key Takeaways• The paybacks and pitfalls for a veterinarian who is...

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Trapped And Tangled: Derelict Fishing Gear And Marine Wildlife

DERELICT FISHING GEAR Derelict fishing gear— nets, lines, pots, traps and other gear that is lost in the ocean— impacts marine wildlife, underwater habitat, and people. Derelict gear sits on the seafloor, gets caught on rocky reefs, or floats in the water column, where it entangles or traps marine life, is swallowed, or endangers boats and people— especially divers. Since the 1950s, commercial and recreational fishing gear has been made of synthetic materials that do not decompose in...

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Saving Franciscana: Veterinary Contributions To Dolphin Conservation

The Franciscana dolphin is one of the most threatened small cetaceans in the Southwestern Atlantic. It is estimated that about 1,000 dolphins are by-caught in gillnets each year, representing over 2% of the estimated abundance for the coastline of Argentina. Currently, all Franciscana dolphins in Argentina are considered to belong to a single stock. However, little is known about movement patterns which are critical for evaluating impacts and establishing effective protection measures. With...

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Feeling The Burn: How Global Climate Change Impacts Marine Wildlife

The temperature and chemistry of the ocean are changing at an unprecedented rate and magnitude due to natural cycles but more importantly anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions. As more than 80% of the heat resides in the ocean, “global warming” is mostly manifesting itself in the oceans. Global average land and ocean surface temperatures increased at a rate of about 0.2°C/decade over the last few decades,3 and ocean temperatures down to 10,000 ft depth are also increasing. In the equatorial...

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Wildlife Or Wild Life? Lessons Learned The Hard Way

Throughout my veterinary career I have been very interested in free-ranging wildlife. While working on St. Catherine’s Island (SCI) in coastal Georgia, I was able to develop the Georgia Wildlife Health Program. The primary goals of this program are to assist conservation organizations on various aspects of wildlife health and disease and to provide veterinary services to wildlife biologists and graduate students. We have established important collaborative working relationships with several...

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Sea Turtle Medicine 101: Diagnostics, Therapeutics, Medicine, and Surgery

RADIOLOGY AND ADVANCED IMAGING Plain radiography is an important diagnostic tool used to assess ill and injured sea turtles and was briefly discussed in the previous article in this proceedings. Digestive tract radiographic contrast procedures are often necessary to document intestinal obstruction, motility, and foreign bodies. Normal transit times have been established. The contrast media can be administered via a stomach tube or with an enema under endoscopic guidance to evaluate...

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Chelonian Respiratory Disease

ANATOMY An understanding of the unusual respiratory anatomy in chelonians is important for proper diagnostic testing and therapeutics.1,4 Chelonians breathe through their nares, thus open mouth breathing is abnormal. Chelonians have complete tracheal rings, thus an uncuffed endotracheal tube is recommended in smaller turtles, while soft cuffed endotracheal tubes work well in larger chelonians. The trachea is relatively short but flexible, which allows the head to retract. Care should be...

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Secrets of Wildlife Chemical Immobilization: More than Just Drug Dosages

WILDLIFE ANESTHESIAThe pharmacology and physiology behind wildlife anesthesia and domestic animal anesthesia are the same. The selection of appropriate drugs, drug dosages, drug delivery, appropriate conditions for delivery, and the legal issues surrounding the chemical restraint of free-ranging wildlife often differ dramatically. Remembering the basics of veterinary anesthesia and paying close attention to the unique factors associated with wildlife chemical capture will greatly improve your...

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