Internal Medicine

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Thromboembolism in Dogs with Protein-Losing Enteropathy with Non-Neoplastic Chronic Small Intestinal Disease (Case Series)

AbstractDogs with protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) are suggested to be at increased risk of developing thromboembolic events. However, with some exceptions, there are very few reports of thromboembolism in such dogs. This multicentre retrospective observational study describes a case series of thromboembolism (TE) in eight dogs with PLE secondary to non-neoplastic, chronic small intestinal disease. Seven dogs had poorly controlled PLE when the thromboembolic event occurred. Pulmonary...

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Medicina Interna

El Dr. García Alcaraz enfoca esta serie de conferencias en problemas respiratorios como la disnea y los derrames pleurales.  El también revisa el síndrome de los braquiocefálicos y en especial varios aspectos sobre el traumatismo torácico. Derrames Pleurales Disnea     Hernia Diafragmatica Metodos Para Administrar Oxigeno     Síndrome de los Braquicéfalos Traumatismo Torácio...

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Canine Hepatitis Associated with Intrahepatic Bacteria in Three Dogs (Case Reports)

AbstractThis case report describes the detection of intrahepatic bacteria in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded histopathological sections from three dogs with neutrophilic, pyogranulomatous, or lymphoplasmacytic hepatitis and cholangiohepatitis. In each of these cases, eubacterial fluorescence in situ hybridization enabled colocalization of intrahepatic bacteria with neutrophilic and granulomatous inflammation in samples that were negative for bacteria when evaluated by routine hematoxylin and...

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Clinical Response and Side Effects Associated with Testosterone Cypionate for Urinary Incontinence in Male Dogs (Case Series)

AbstractUrethral sphincter mechanism incompetence (USMI) is reported much more seldom in male dogs than in female dogs. The few existing reports evaluating the efficacy of medical therapy in controlling USMI in males have demonstrated limited success. In this case series, we report the effect of testosterone cypionate, given at a median dose of 1.5 mg/kg intramuscularly every 4 wk, in eight male dogs with USMI. Response was evaluated through the review of medical records and telephone...

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Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Penis with Pulmonary Metastasis and Paraneoplastic Hypertrophic Osteopathy in a Dog (Case Reports)

AbstractSquamous cell carcinoma of the penis was diagnosed by incisional biopsy of a penile mass in a 12 yr old intact male beagle dog presenting with hemorrhagic discharge from the prepuce. Penile amputation, orchiectomy with scrotal ablation, and scrotal urethrostomy were performed. Hypertrophic osteopathy secondary to pulmonary metastatic disease occurred 10 mo after the surgery. Palliative treatment with piroxicam was administered and led to complete resolution of the clinical signs of...

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An Unusual Case of Portal Hypertension Secondary to Primary Hypoplasia of the Portal Vein (Case Reports)

AbstractPrimary hypoplasia of the portal vein with secondary portal hypertension and acquired portosystemic collateral circulation is infrequently reported in the veterinary literature. Diagnosis of this condition requires documentation of abnormal hepatocellular function, the lack of intrahepatic or extrahepatic macroscopic congenital portosystemic shunts, and liver histopathology demonstrating portal hypoperfusion in the absence of hepatic inflammation or nodular regeneration. Due to a...

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Urethral Sphincter Mechanism Incompetence in Dogs: An Update (Review Articles)

AbstractUrethral sphincter mechanism incompetence (USMI) is the most common cause of acquired urinary incontinence in dogs. The pathogenesis of USMI is multifactorial and complex. Studies have shown variable results regarding the effects and timing of sterilization on the incidence of USMI. Diagnosis of USMI is often based on history, physical examination, and elimination of other differentials. Treatment options for USMI include medications, such as α-adrenergic agents and estrogen products,...

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Clinicopathologic and Microbiologic Findings Associated with Emphysematous Cystitis in 27 Dogs (Case Series)

AbstractThis is a retrospective case series of 27 dogs with emphysematous cystitis. Medical records from two veterinary teaching hospitals from 1992 to 2014 were reviewed. The aims of the study were to determine imaging findings, common underlying disease processes, and prevalent bacterial species and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns in dogs with emphysematous cystitis. The most common lower urinary tract sign was hematuria. Gas was detected in the wall and lumen of the urinary...

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Norwegian or Crusted Sarcoptic Mange in Two Leishmanial Dogs (Case Reports)

AbstractNorwegian or crusted scabies (N/CS) is a rare skin disease with very few cases reported in the dog or the cat. Two adult, stray dogs were admitted in our clinic with a generalized, multifocal to diffuse and nonpruritic dermatitis that was characterized by severe crusting, scaling, and ulceration. In both instances, leishmaniosis and N/CS were diagnosed by immunofluorescent antibody test serology, lymph node cytology, and skin scrapings in which high numbers of Sarcoptes mites were...

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Gastric Dilatation Associated with Gastric Colonization with Sarcina-Like Bacteria in a Cat with Chronic Enteritis (Case Reports)

AbstractAn 11 yr old spayed female domestic longhair cat was presented for an acute onset of vomiting. Abdominal radiographs and ultrasound revealed severe gastric dilatation (GD) without evidence of gastric outflow obstruction. On esophagogastroduodenoscopy, the duodenal mucosa was mildly erythematous, and a moderate, diffuse, chronic enteritis was found by histological examination of duodenal biopsies. Large numbers of Sarcina-like bacteria without associated inflammation were present...

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