Journal AAHA

Intravenous Lipid Emulsion Therapy for Bromethalin Toxicity in a Dog (Case Report)

Brittany Heggem-Perry , DVM, Maureen McMichael , DVM, DACVECC, Mauria O'Brien , DVM, DACVECC, Clara Moran , DVM

From the Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL.

Correspondence: (M.M.)


AbstractBromethalin is a central nervous system toxin currently incorporated into several different rodenticides. In 2008, the EPA requested that manufacturers phase out second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides. In response, manufacturers began to increase production of bromethalin-based rodenticides. It is likely that pet exposure to bromethalin will increase in the future. Bromethalin has no known antidote and tends to deposit in fat. Intravenous lipid emulsions (ILEs) are being used...