Reptiles & Amphibians

60 Resources on Reptiles & Amphibians

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Modern Imaging Techniques in Reptiles (CT/MRI)

Radiography is the most commonly used imaging technique in reptiles. Ultrasonography is also very helpful and has become established in reptile practice over the last years. The newer imaging methods CT and MRI are being increasingly utilized for diagnostic imaging evaluation procedures for reptile patients on the one hand due to increased availabilities, on the other hand because many disease processes cannot be diagnosed using radiography and ultrasonography alone, and the additional...

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Tips and Tricks of the Old Veterans (Reptile Medicine)

Dr. Barten: I’m a few years older than Dr. Mader, and earned my DVM a few years before he did, but he went on to earn more degrees. We both owe much of our early success to the mentorship of Fred Frye, the grandfather of herpetological medicine. Dr. Frye taught Dr. Mader in person at UC Davis, and corresponded extensively with me whenever I had questions as a new grad. Dr. Mader: He invited me to be a speaker at NAVC – then the Eastern States Veterinary Conference – in 1987, and Dr. Barten...

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The Fountain of Life: Practical Water Quality for the Veterinary Practitioner

Understanding water quality basics is important for veterinarians practicing with herptiles, Water quality directly impacts animal health and welfare. Fully aquatic amphibians may be the most sensitive to water quality, but poor water quality can negatively impact the health of semi-aquatic and terrestrial amphibians and aquatic reptiles as well. Water quality and life support systems are closely related and it is mandatory to have the appropriate life support system for the species and...

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Cold Laser Therapy in Reptiles From a Skeptic’s Point of View

Cold laser therapy, more commonly referred to as low-level laser therapy (LLLT), uses low-power lasers to alter cellular function. The theory is that low-power lasers may stimulate tissue, encouraging the cells to function. FROM WIKIPEDIA “LLLT is controversial in mainstream medicine with ongoing research to determine whether there is a demonstrable effect. Also disputed are the ideal location of treatment (nerves versus joints), dose, wavelength, timing, pulsing and duration. The effects...

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What's Your Diagnosis? A Series of Interactive Reptile Cases

Veterinarians working with reptile patients are routinely presented with challenging cases. The purpose of this presentation is to provide attendees with a series of actual reptile cases in an interactive forum and discuss different diagnostic and treatment approaches. To maximize the usefulness of this presentation, the actual cases are not being presented in this proceedings article; this will limit the attendee’s chance of “peeking” at the diagnostic tests selected or ultimate case...

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An Introduction to Reptile Surgery: A Chance to Cut is a Chance to Cure!

In general, performing surgery on a reptile patient should be approached with the same principles as those used for domestic animals.1 However, there are some specific anatomic and physiologic considerations, as well as unique aspects of patient preparation, positioning, and equipment with which the reptile clinician should be familiar.2,3 Surgical coeliotomy provides access to most of the major internal organs, and therefore is useful for a range of surgical procedures including exploration,...

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Body Work for Turtles – Shell Disease and Repair

ANATOMY The chelonian shell is a living, metabolically active structure.9,13,21 The shell is typically divided into three majosr regions: carapace (dorsal area), plastron (ventral area), and bridge (lateral areas). It is comprised of a bony layer covered by keratinized epithelium and reviews of shell histology for the clinician are available.8,10 The shell bone is composed of multiple calcified dermal plates and modified skeletal structures and is fused to ribs and vertebral bodies...

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Chameleon Medicine – How To Stop Writing So Many Sympathy Cards

Chameleons are fascinating and addictive reptiles to keep as pets, as the author can well attest. Unfortunately, they also present with numerous health issues, often quite advanced by the time the client walks in the door. Sadly, many of these chameleons do not leave the clinic alive or die soon after at the client‘s home. There are numerous species of chameleons kept as pets, but only the more common “beginner” species will be addressed in this presentation. Chameleons are one of the most...

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The Benefits of Training and Enrichment for Reptiles - Who Knew?

There is growing focus on providing appropriate positive reinforcement training and enrichment to captive animals, including reptiles. Positive reinforcement training is grounded in applied behavior analysis, the science of how individuals learn, and is applicable across species. Reptiles can readily learn new behaviors (operant conditioning). Training husbandry behaviors makes handling easier and safer and can facilitate basic management such as shifting from one area to another, reducing...

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Anesthesia in Amphibians

Amphibians are a diverse group of animals with three distinct groups: the anurans (frogs and toads), caudates (salamanders and newts), and gymnophionans (caecilians). The decision of how to anesthetize these animals relies on a number of considerations: Best handling modalities Natural habitat Size Duration of anesthesia Reason for anesthesia PREANESTHETIC CONSIDERATIONS Wear wet gloves (washed of powder and other potential irritants)...

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