93 Resources on Respiratory

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Chronic Nasal Disease: The Why's & How

Canine and feline noses are incredibly important and often underappreciated organs. Normal nasal function is important in maintenance of olfactory function, but also plays a role in appetite and behavior in cats and dogs. Symptoms of nasal disease may be caused by any of a myriad of primary respiratory disorders or non-respiratory causes. The purpose of this session will be to review normal nasal structure and function, to use this information to highlight the potential effects of the loss of...

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Coughing Dogs: Diagnosis & Treatment Considerations-Control the Hack

Paroxysmal non-productive coughing is a common and often frustrating complaint in dogs. Chronic coughing may not be life-threatening in many patients but a persistent cough is a serious concern for many owners and a frequent cause for veterinary visits. Clinically this type of cough is a common presenting issue in many geriatric smaller breed dogs but does occur in all dog breeds. The clinical history often does not reliably determine the reason for coughing. Physical examination can offer...

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Evidence-based CPR: The RECOVER Guidelines

In June of 2012, the Reassessment Campaign on Veterinary Resuscitation (RECOVER) published the first evidence based guideline for veterinary cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The initiative was launched after considering the difference in success rates of CPR between human (20%) and veterinary (6-7%) settings, with the human counterpart having established evidence-based guidelines through the American Heart Association. There are definitely physiologic and anatomic differences between...

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Respiratory Emergencies: Just Breathe

Respiratory distress is a very common form of emergency in veterinary medicine. The primary role of the respiratory system is to oxygenate and remove CO2 from the blood. Both of hypoxemia and hypercapnia, when allowed to persist, will lead to the demise of a patient and swift assessment of respiratory compromise is required for appropriate treatment.Please note: If you were an attendee at this NAVC Conference and received a general CE certificate, please be sure to check with your state...

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Respiratory Disease in Dogs and Cats: If They Can't Breathe, Nothing Else Matters

Please note:If you were an attendee at this NAVC Conference and received a general CE certificate, please be sure to check with your state licensing bureau regarding your eligibility to receive online credit for an individual session.The dyspneic patient needs your help. Now. Learn practical ways for assessing these patients and implementing treatments that will have both of you breathing easier.Supported and produced by educational grants from Merck Animal Health in conjunction with NAVC...

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Cardiac & Noncardiac Respiratory Distress: Best Tests & Simplified Strategies for Evaluation & Management

The clinical presentations that may be termed “respiratory distress” in dogs and cats may range from mild tachypnea to agonal gasping for breath. Because of the fragility of many of these patients, extensive testing is not always an option, and history and physical examination findings may be all that is available to make an educated assessment of the probable cause of the clinical presentation. From a clinician’s point of view, it matters greatly if you’re a dyspneic cat or a dyspneic dog....

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Accomplishing a Blind Bronchoalveolar Lavage

Please note:If you were an attendee at this NAVC Conference and received a general CE certificate, please be sure to check with your state licensing bureau regarding your eligibility to receive online credit for an individual session. This presentation will describe how to accomplish blind bronchoalveolar lavage in cats for the diagnosis of airway and lung disease. The technique itself is readily accomplished in a private practice setting and often yields invaluable...

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Modern Spirometry Supports Anesthetic Management in Small Animal Clinical Practice: A Case Series (Case Series)

AbstractModern spirometry, like no other monitoring technique, allows insight into breath-to-breath respiratory mechanics. Spirometers continuously measure volume, airway pressure, and flow while calculating and continuously displaying respiratory system compliance and resistance in the form of loops. The aim of this case series is to show how observation of spirometric loops, similar to electrocardiogram or CO2 curve monitoring, can improve safety of anesthetic management in small animals....

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Upper Airway Injury in Dogs Secondary to Trauma: 10 Dogs (2000–2011) (Retrospective Study)

AbstractTen dogs that presented with trauma-induced upper airway rupture or stenosis were reviewed. Tracheal rupture was seen in seven dogs, tracheal stenosis in one dog, and laryngeal rupture in two dogs. Clinical abnormalities included respiratory distress in five dogs, subcutaneous emphysema in eight, air leakage through the cervical wound in seven, stridor in three dogs, pneumomediastinum in four and pneumothorax in one dog. Reconstruction with simple interrupted sutures was performed in...

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Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome: Pathophysiology and Diagnosis

AbstractBrachycephalic airway syndrome (BAS) is a group of abnormalities that result in upper airway obstruction. Primary malformations include stenotic nares, elongated soft palate, and hypoplastic trachea, which cause an increase in negative pressure within the upper airways that can eventually lead to secondary abnormalities such as everted laryngeal saccules, everted tonsils, and laryngeal and tracheal collapse. Abnormal nasopharyngeal turbinates are also encountered, but have not been...

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