Surgery - Orthopedic

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Study shows playing video games could improve laparoscopic surgery performance

Veterinary students who play video games might actually be setting themselves up for better performances during laparoscopic surgery, says a new study published in the Feb. 1 edition of the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (JAVMA).Twenty-nine third-year veterinary students from Purdue University participated in the study, which sought to determine whether there is a correlation between the students' video gaming skills and laparoscopic surgical skills, 3-D...

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Percutaneous Screw Fixation of Incomplete Ossification of the Humeral Condyle in Three Dogs (Four Elbows) (Case Report)

AbstractTranscondylar screw fixation was performed using a minimally invasive percutaneous technique on three dogs (four elbows) diagnosed with incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle. The technique was performed using an aiming device in all four elbow joints and assisted by intraoperative fluoroscopy in one. All screws were successfully placed on first attempt and no elbow joint required repositioning of the transcondylar screw. On immediate postoperative radiographs, median...

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Degenerative Joint Disease in Cats

Degenerative joint disease (DJD) is a commonly recognized cause of pain and decreased quality of life in older and geriatric dogs. Less well known is the effect of DJD on cats. Based on research in the past 10 years, DJD (more specifically, osteoarthritis) is a relatively common radiographic finding in cats.1–5 However, the disease and its effects on quality of life are underrecognized in cats. With many cats living well into their teens, feline geriatric care is increasingly a part of...

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Short-Term Radiographic Complications and Healing Assessment of Single-Session Bilateral Tibial Tuberosity Advancements (Retrospective Studies)

The objective of this study is to report on the short-term radiographic complications and bone healing associated with single-session bilateral tibial tuberosity advancements (TTAs). This retrospective study consists of 74 client-owned dogs with bilateral cranial cruciate ligament rupture that underwent consecutive single-session bilateral TTAs. Radiographs from 74 dogs (148 stifles) were evaluated for evidence of postoperative complications. One hundred forty-three of 148 stifles were scored...

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Evaluating Femoral-Sciatic Nerve Blocks, Epidural Analgesia, and No Use of Regional Analgesia in Dogs Undergoing Tibia-Plateau-Leveling-Osteotomy (Retrospective Studies)

This is a retrospective study evaluating femoral-sciatic nerve blocks (FSBs), epidural analgesia, and non-regional analgesia (NRA) in dogs undergoing tibia-plateau-leveling-osteotomy surgery. Thirty-five records met the criteria for each of the FSB and epidural analgesia groups. Seventeen anesthesia records met the criteria for the NRA or control group. The parameters reported were: isoflurane vaporizer setting, rescue analgesia/anesthesia drugs received, heart rate, systolic blood pressure,...

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Feline Rehabilitation: A field poised for dramatic growth

In recent years, a young field of veterinary medicine known as rehabilitation has been generating buzz among veterinary professions and the pet-owning public. This specialty, which found its initial application treating horses and dogs, is now poised for tremendous growth meeting the needs of feline patients. Cats are the number-one household pet in the United States, with an estimated 95.6 million cats found in 45.4 million American households, according to the American Pet Products...

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Elbow Dysplasia – Very Common and Very Treatable

Elbow incongruity has a spectrum of severity. Incongruity is likely to play a role in many manifestations of elbow dysplasia including fragmented medial coronoid process (FCP), ununited anconeal process, and erosion of the articular cartilage of the medial compartment of the elbow. The use of arthroscopy for diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of developmental and degenerative processes of the canine elbow has become the standard of care because of improved visibility, greater surgical...

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Tendon Repair

Proceedings Of The NAVC Conference Volume 29 A lacerated tendon is one of the most devastating injuries to the distal limb. If handled appropriately, however, these injuries can have a good prognosis for return to function. Successful treatment of tendon lacerations requires understanding of tendon function, anatomy, and healing. Diagnostic and treatment strategies are derived from these three basic concepts. TENDON FUNCTION Tendons are energy modulators—i.e., they store, conserve,...

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Practical Tips for Extracapsular Repair of Cranial Cruciate Ligament Injuries

The extracapsular prosthetic ligament technique (EPLT) is the most common method of treating cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) injuries in dogs and cats. While tibial plateau leveling osteotomy has become very popular for treatment of large dogs, EPLT remains a common method of treatment due to its lower cost and financial concerns of owners. The prosthetic ligament must be placed as isometrically as possible. Isometric positioning maintains similar tension on the ligament throughout the range...

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Trochlear Block Recession – A Simple Technique To Deepen the Groove

Patella luxation is a problem in all breeds and sizes of dogs, but the condition is most common in small breed dogs. This presentation discusses the indications and technique for performing a very effective method of deepening the trochlear groove using a trochlear wedge recession. This is a simple technique that can be learned by specialists as well as general practitioners. TROCHLEAR BLOCK RECESSION Trochlear block recession is similar to trochlear wedge recession except that a...

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