Toxicology

61 Resources on Toxicology

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Poisonous Plant Dangers to Dogs & Cats

This lecture will review the most common – and often the most deadly – plants that are poisonous to small animals. Plant identification, mechanism of action, clinical signs, and treatment will be discussed. Plants such as insoluble and soluble calcium oxalate-containing plants, lilies, cardiac glycosides, blue-green algae, and sago palm will be reviewed.Please note:   If you were an attendee at this AAHA Conference and received a general CE certificate, please be sure to check with...

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Toxicology Toolbox: All You Really Need to Know About Treating the Poisoned Patient

Whether you work in private practice or an emergency practice, you’re bound to see toxicology cases. In this session, attendees will learn what tools you need to stock in your toxicology toolbox to save those small animal poisoned patients! A review of antidotes and overall approach and treatment of the poisoned patient will be discussed. Instead of calling an Animal Poison Control Center for every single poisoned case, get all your tox answers in this session!Please note:   If you...

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Top 15 Poisons Affecting Dogs & Cats

This lecture will review the top toxicants affecting dogs and cats, along with the mechanism of action, clinical signs, and overview of treatment. Some of the toxicants that will be reviewed in this session include: SSRI antidepressants, ADD medications, sleep aids, NSAIDs, cholesterol-lowering drugs, acetaminophen, calcium channel blockers, beta-blockers, and more!Please note:   If you were an attendee at this AAHA Conference and received a general CE certificate, please be sure to...

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Fatal Oleander Toxicosis in Two Miniature Horses (Case Report)

AbstractTwo young American miniature horses from the same farm were evaluated by a veterinarian due to presence of lethargy, anorexia, and cardiac arrhythmias. Both horses were treated aggressively with IV fluids and other supportive measures. The first horse died approximately 72 hr after the start of clinical signs and the second horse was humanely euthanized due to poor response to treatment. Oleander toxicosis was suspected based on the types of clinical signs present and due to several...

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Toxicology Brief: Hops Make Dogs Hot

You get a call at your clinic from owners who are frantic about their dog, which is panting excessively and has bright red gums. Earlier in the evening, the dog ingested spent hops that had been tossed on the soil of a potted houseplant. However, the owners do not think their dog’s clinical signs are due to the ingestion because their other dog also ingested the hops but is asymptomatic.Humulus lupulus, a member of the Cannabinaceae family, has male and female plants. The female plant...

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Hidden Dangers in the Kitchen: Common Foods Toxic to Dogs and Cats

AbstractMany foods and food additives that are safe for human consumption can be extremely toxic to pets. Recognizing the clinical signs and clinicopathologic changes associated with these toxins allows prompt initiation of appropriate therapy. As with many other toxins, decontamination and supportive care are the mainstays of therapy for food toxicosis. Educating owners about foods and food additives that are unsafe for dogs and cats can help prevent toxicosis.Some foods or food...

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Treatment of Ibuprofen Toxicosis in a Dog with IV Lipid Emulsion

AbstractA 3 yr old spayed female mixed-breed dog weighing 19.4 kg was evaluated for ingestion of 1,856 mg/kg (180 tablets) of ibuprofen, a human formulated nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). At the time of presentation, the patient was alert and hypersalivating, but her mental status rapidly declined to obtunded, stuporous, and then comatose within 30 min of presentation. Initial treatment included supportive therapy with prostaglandin analogs and antiemetics. An IV lipid emulsion (...

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Toad Intoxication in the Dog by Rhinella marina: The Clinical Syndrome and Current Treatment Recommendations (Review Article)

AbstractOral exposure to the secretions of Rhinella marina (formerly Bufo marinus) can carry a high fatality rate without early and appropriate treatment. In dogs, the clinical syndrome, which is evident almost immediately, manifests in profuse ptyalism along with gastrointestinal, respiratory, and neurologic signs. Severe cardiac arrhythmias develop less frequently. This review will cover the history, toxicology, and clinical syndrome of Rhinella marina intoxication, and will discuss the...

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Upper Airway Obstruction Secondary to Anticoagulant Rodenticide Toxicosis in Five Dogs (Case Series)

AbstractFive dogs were presented with clinical signs compatible with upper airway obstruction, including stridor, stertor, coughing, gagging, and varying degrees of respiratory distress. All dogs had radiographic findings of soft tissue opacity in the area of the pharynx, larynx, or trachea, and several had narrowing of the tracheal lumen. Coagulation abnormalities (prolonged prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time) were present in the four dogs that underwent testing. Four of...

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Lily Toxicosis in Cats

I’ll fill you in on a little secret – the majority of plants ingested by dogs and cats only result in minor toxicity. Most cause  gastrointestinal signs such as hypersalivation, vomiting and diarrhea. That said, there are a few dangerous and potentially fatal plants that veterinary clinicians should be aware of. In cats, the most dangerous poisonous plant is the common or true lily (from the Lilium spp. and Hemerocallis spp.). These beautiful, fragrant flowers and greens are...

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